Society and Culture

As already observed by early sociologists, cities constitute public spaces of encounters among diverse individuals (Simmel, 2012 [1903]; Wirth, 1938). This heterogeneity is engendered by the co-existence – and sometimes clash – of cultures living in close proximity. Cities are also sites where socio-economic, gender and ethnic inequalities are reproduced, with marginalisation and spatial segregation of less well-off residents (Janoschka et al., 2014; Lees et al., 2008; Rousseau, 2009). Therefore, our Research Platform will seek to unveil the dialectical relationship between the urban space and inequalities as well as to spell out the political and cultural frames that produce patterns of inequalities in cities. Hence, our research activity focusing on society and culture will aim at answering the following research questions: Are cities retaining their cultural specificities? Are European cities more inclusive and welcoming than others? How is urbanity changing and what are the outcomes engendered by these processes? What are the driving factors of diversification in Europe and beyond?